Wednesday, March 23, 2011
Karimun National Park is a cluster of 27 islands that has a type of lowland rain forest ecosystem, seagrass, algae, coastal forests, mangroves, and coral reefs.
Plants that characterized National Park Karimunjawa namely dewodaru (Crystocalyx macrophyla) found in lowland rain forest. Groups of algae that can be found consisting of three groups: green algae, brown algae, and red algae.Coastal forests and mangrove forests are distinguished by ketapan (Terminalia cattapa), sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), teak sand (Scaerota frustescens), setigi (Strebus asper), sea hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), and black mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata).
Types of coral reefs in the Park is a coral reef Karimunjawa beach / edge (fringing reef), coral reef barrier (barrier reef) and a few taka (patch reef). Property type reached 51 genera, more than 90 species of hard corals and 242 species of ornamental fish. Two types of biota that protected the roots bahar / black coral (Antiphates spp.) And red coral (Tubipora musica).
Other protected marine life such as goat's head (Cassis cornuta), triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), hollow nautilus (Nautilus pompillius), a rock fight (Turbo marmoratus), and 6 types of clams.
Diversity of terrestrial wildlife in national parks is not very high compared with aquatic animals. Land animals which are common among other deer (Cervus timorensis subspec), long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis karimondjawae); 40 species of birds such as green pergam (Ducula Aenea), white belly sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), trocokan / merbah cerukcuk (Pycnonotus goiavier), parakeet (Psittacula alexandri), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle ( Chelonia mydas), and snake edhor. White belly sea eagle is an endangered species in the world.
Around the island there Kemujan INDONO Panama shipwrecks that sank in 1955, where at present a suitable habitat for reef fish and dive sites (Wreck diving).
From the group of islands with a total of 27, five of which have inhabited the island of Karimun Jawa, Pulau Kemujan, Parang Island, Mosquito Island, and Island Genting. Karimun Island became the center district, a distance of ± 83 km from the town of Jepara (center of the famous wood carving artisans in Indonesia
The name comes from the era Karimunjawa Sunan Muria is one of the leaders of Islamic spreaders. Sunan Muria see the islands of Pulau Karimun very faintJava (kremun-kremun cornerstone Jowo). Sunan relics Nyamplungan / Amir Hasan (son of Sunan Muria) such as catfish (Clarias meladerma) without shaft, tomb Nyamplungan, wood dewodaru, sentigi, kalimosodo, and snakes edhor, sacred by the inhabitants Publications.